Recently, colpitis has become a fairly common disease among women and, unfortunately, future mothers are no exception.
Therefore, an increasing number of pregnant women seek help from a gynecologist to get rid of this unpleasant and dangerous ailment.
During the disease, there is swelling of the mucosa and there are abundant white or purulent discharge from the genital organs that have an unpleasant odor.
Colpitis can occur as a result of various diseases, such as candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, mycoplasmosis or genital herpes.
There is an acute and subacute chronic form of the disease. In the latter case, colpitis becomes chronic, resulting in a constant alternation of improvement and new exacerbations. In this case, the inflammatory process can be limited to one site or be present on the cervix and the vulva.
Gynecological examination: During this procedure, the doctor, using mirrors, assesses the condition of the vaginal mucosa, which in the presence of the disease will be swollen, reddened, with mucopurulent deposits on the walls. Also during the examination with the help of special samples, the acidity of the vagina is determined.
Study of smears: During the gynecological examination, swabs from the vagina and cervix are taken, which are then examined under a microscope. This allows you to see leukocytes, a lot of bacteria and dead cells of the vaginal epithelium.
Bacteriological study: Usually it is prescribed with frequent relapses of the disease and must be performed in pregnant women. During the survey, cultures of bacteria taken from the vagina are grown to determine the causative agent of colpitis.
PCR: The method of investigation with the help of polymerase chain reaction allows more accurately to identify the main infections transmitted sexually.
Cytological examination: The scraping of cells, which are located on the mucous membrane of the cervix, is being studied.
Ultrasound: Ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs is necessary to detect possible complications of colpitis.