During pregnancy, a woman needs to pay special attention to her health. On how the future mother will take care of the condition of her teeth and gums, the health of her child also depends. Therefore, it is very important to make an appointment with a dentist on time for a prophylactic examination of the oral cavity and, if necessary, get treatment, get useful recommendations.
In connection with the fact that in the first trimester of pregnancy there is a hormonal adjustment, a woman may have an increased appetite, nausea and vomiting, as a result of which the acidity of saliva increases. This leads to the propagation of harmful bacteria, which damage the teeth.
Since immunity during pregnancy is weakened, there is a possibility of developing some dental diseases.
Caries is a real problem that concerns almost every future mother. It develops in pregnant women much more often and 2 times faster. If tooth decay is not cured in time, it can provoke the occurrence of other more serious complications, as well as lead to the penetration of infection from the mother into the baby’s body, which will have a negative impact on its development and health.
Also, pregnant women sometimes get inflamed gums due to a large accumulation of plaque on the teeth, which contains many microbes. This disease in dentistry is called gingivitis and its first symptoms are severe itching.
Parodontitis is an inflammatory process, as a result of which the periodontal junction and the bone tissue of the periodontal and alveolar processes are destroyed. A woman in the period of bearing a child is especially prone to inflammatory processes in the oral cavity, because at this time the blood supply of the gums deteriorates and the immune defense of the organism is significantly weakened.
Even during pregnancy, many women complain of bleeding gums. The most common cause of this problem is a lack of calcium. Most gums bleed in the second and third trimester, when the skeleton of a child is formed.
To avoid such a trouble, as a preventive measure, you need to take vitamins and trace elements, which the doctor must appoint.